Tamilian’s are the first martyrs of India’s freedom struggle. [Part-3] Tamil Speech by S.V.Ramani.
In Tamilnadu Rajaji violated the salt laws at Vedaranyam . From Trichi nearly 100 patriots headed by Rajaji marched to Vedaranyam. Leaders like Sardar Vedharatanam Pillai, T.S.S.Rajan, Srimathi Ruckmani Lakshmipathy took part in this salt satyagraha. It created awareness among the people against the British Government. Many people like Rajaji, K.Kamaraj were arrested when they disobeyed the British government . “No Tax Campaign” was also conducted in many parts of Tamilnadu. At Tirupur on 11th January As per the directions of Gandhiji individual satyagraha was followed by the leaders of Tamilnadu. Many young leaders like Adikeasava Naicker, Salem Adi Narayana chettiar, Guruswamy naidu, K.Kamaraj, Omandoor Ramasamy Reddiar, Baktavatsalam, C.Subramaniyam and R.Venkatraman participated in the freedom movement. Quit India movement: The resolution of Quit India movement was passed at Bombay congress session in 1942. On the advice of Gandhiji many leaders like K.Kamaraj participated in the movement. Leaders like Muthuranga Mudaliar, Baktavatsalam and R.Venkataraman were arrested.
Civil Disobedience Movement Salt Satyagraha: on March 1930, Gandhiji violated the salt laws, the police attacked a procession carrying National flags and singing national songs . As a result of the lathi charge, Tirupur Kumaran, a freedom fighter sacrificed his life. He demonstrated his patriotism by firmly holding the congress flag and shouting Vande Mataram against the British.It was a deed of patriotism, heroism and symbolof dedication. Tirupur Kumaran is popularly known as Kodikatha Kumaran
Non Co-operation Movement: The people of Tamilnadu wereangry with the British Government because of the Rowlatt Act. Gandhiji movedthe Non Co-operation resolution at Nagpur Congress session. Itwas presided by C.Vijayaraghava Chariyar, eminent Nationalist ofTamilnadu. Rajaji acted as the Lieutenent of Gandhiji. He along withSathyamurthy and E.V.Ramaswamy Naicker led the non co-operationmovement.
Events of the non co-operation movement: Rajaji was arrested and imprisoned in Vellore jail. Agitations occurred in different places. The leaders and the people boycotted the courts and the government offices. At the end of the second world war in Europe, in May 1945, Labour Party in England won a formidable victory, winning just under 50% of the vote with a majority of 145 seats.
Clement Attlee’s proved one of the most radical British governments of the 20th century, presiding over a policy of selective nationalizations of major industries and Attlee’s government also began the process of dismantling the British Empire when it granted independence to India and Pakistan in 1947, followed by Burma (Myanmar) and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) the following year.
On 15th August 1947, India has taken her place as free and independent Dominion in the British commonwealth of Nations. But we cannot forget the sacrifices of several lakhs of Indians including Tamilians, who gave their life to fight against the British rulers.