தேசியக் கவிஞன் பாரதியாரின் பெண்கள் விடுதலைக் கும்மி.
Mahakavi Subramaniya Bharathi was born on 11 December 1882. He died on 11 September 1921. In a relatively short life span of 39 years, Bharathi left an indelible mark as the poet of Tamil nationalism and Indian freedom.
His prowess as a poet was recognized and he was accorded the title of ‘Bharathi’ at Ettiyapuram. He was a student at Nellai Hindu School and in 1897 he married Sellamal. Thereafter, from 1898 to 1902, he lived in Kasi. Bharathi worked as a schoolteacher and as a journal editor at various times in his life. As a Tamil poet he ranked with Ilanko, Thiruvalluvar and Kamban. His writings gave new life to the Tamil language – and to Tamil national consciousness. He involved himself actively in the Indian freedom struggle. It is sometimes said of Bharathi that he was first an Indian and then a Tamil. Perhaps, it would be more correct to say that he was a Tamil and because he was a Tamil he was also an Indian. For him it was not either or but both – it was not possible for him to be one without also being the other. Bharathi often referred to Tamil as his ‘mother’. At the same time, he was fluent in many languages including Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, Kuuch, and English and frequently translated works from other languages into Tamil. His said “among all the languages I have known, I do not see any of them”, any as sweet as Tamil, was his moving tribute to his mother tongue.
In the following poem, Bharathi employs the folk dance, kummi (கும்மி) and speaks out clearly the problems as he saw with women. It is surprising and indeed shameful that in a country where women were worshipped as the all powerful Sakthi(சக்தி), they were relegated to a lower status in social life.
Maha Kavi Bharathiyar was one of the earliest champions of women’s cause in the Tamil Nadu region. Thanks to his outbursts, there had been a social awakening on this “Kummi” song, though much is yet to be done. Please hear the” Kummi” song thro my Video.