வள்ளலார் திரு இராமலிங்க அடிகளார். அருட்பெரும் சோதி தனிப்பெரும் கருணை.
Sri Arutprakasa Vallalar Ramalingam (5 October 1823 – 30 January 1874), whose pre-monastic name was Ramalingam, is commonly known in Tamil Nadu and across the world as Vallalar He was one of the most famous Tamil Saints and also one of the greatest Tamil poets of the 19th century. The Suddha Sanmarga Sangam[ was spread and passed on by him not only in theory but mainly in practice by his own way of living which was itself inspiration for his followers. Through the notion of Suddha Sanmarga Sangam, the saint endeavored to eliminate the menace of caste. According to Suddha Sanmarga, the prime aspects of human life should be love connected with charity and divine practice leading to achievement of pure knowledge.
Ramalinga Adigal opened, the “Sathya Gnana Sabha” (Hall of True Knowledge) at Vadalur on January 25, 1872. One of the primary teaching of valallar is “Service to mankind is path of moksha”.. He laid a very great emphasis on being vegetarian. He said God is “Arul Perum Jothi” who is personification of mercy and knowledge.
In 1865 he established a center for feeding the poor people. On the inaugural day he lit the fire of the stone stove, with a declaration that the fire be ever alive and the needy shall be fed forever. Around 1870 he established the Sathya Gnana Sabai, hall of True Wisdom Forum and ensuring it was entirely secular. This place is not a temple as any offerings of fruits or flowers could be made, and no blessings were given. It was open to people of all castes except those who ate meat, who were only allowed to worship from the outside. The oil lamp lit by him is kept perpetually burning. He said that our soul is blinded by 7 seven veils. There are seven cotton fabric screens, representing the seven factors that prevent a soul from realizing its true nature.
Adigal on January 30, 1874, entered the room and locked himself and told his followers not to open it. He said that even if they did open it they would find nothing. His seclusion spurred many rumors, and the Government finally forced the doors open in May. The room was empty, with no clues.
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